Nestling in the lower southern reaches of the Satpura hills is named
after Pench river which flows from north to south through the Pench
National Park. It is located on the southern boundary of Madhya
Recently in 1992, Pench has been included under the
umbrella of "Project Tiger" as the 19th Project Tiger Reserve.
total of 758 Sq. kms of this Southern Indian tropical moist
deciduous forest has its extent mingling with the tropical dry
deciduous teak. The area is crisscrossed by a number of streams and
'nallahs' most of which are seasonal. Though the Pench River dries
up in April end, a number of water pools locally known as 'dohs' are
found which serve as water holes for the wild animals. However, the
water sources are not suitably distributed, hence large area is left
unutilized by the wild animals. The Pench Reservoir at the center of
the park is the only major water source during the pinch period.
As a prey concentration is high along the Pench River, tiger usually
inhabits this belt. Leopard though generally operates in the
peripheral areas but are occasionally seen in the deep forest also.
Jungle cats are commonly seen. Leopard cats, small Indian civets and
palm civets are common but seen rarely.
Cheetal, Sambar, nilgai are commonly seen grazing on the open sites
on roadsides and banks of river & reservoir. Jackals can be seen in
search of food anywhere in the Park. Packs up to 15 of wild dog can
be seen near Chhedia, Jamtara, Bodanala and Pyorthadi areas of the
Reserve. Herds of gaur can be spotted near streams and bamboo
patches commonly in summer months. Sloth beer occupy hilly, rocky
out crops and favour mahul bel infested forest. Chnkara is present
in very small numbers and is found in open areas around Turia, Telia
and Dudhgaon villages.
Langoors are very common whereas the Rhesus monkeys may be seen
occasionally on the fringes. Pench boasts of, more than 210 species
of birds that include several migratory ones also. Commonly seen are
Peafowl, Red jungle fowl, Crow pheasant, Crimson breasted barbet,
Redvented bulbul, Racket tailed drongo, Magpie robin and lesser
The Park is situated in the Seoni District of Southern Madhya
Pradesh and runs in continuation with Pench National Park in
Maharashtra. It is situated 82 Kms. (2 hours of drive) and is well
connected by an all weather metalloid road network to other
important places in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The nearest
railhead of Nagpur- Jabalpur (192 Kms.) serves as a comfortable air
It is blessed with forests spread in all the direction. As per the
physiognomy, the forest type is southern tropical dry deciduous teak
and southern tropical mixed deciduous forest with other species of
shrubs, trees and climbers. Teak and its associates moyan, mahua,
mokha, skiras, tendu, bija, achar, garari, aonla, ghont, baranga,
amaltas, kihamali, khair, palas. Bamboo occurs sparsely, restricted
to some valley.
The Pench National Park is very rich in fauna and a number of
endangered species have made it their habitat. There are 25 tigers
under this umbrella of the Park. 39 species of mammals, 13 species
of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and over 170 varieties of birds
have already been listed.
Apart from mammals and other land-based wildlife, the park is also
rich in bird life. According to an estimation of the wildlife
authorities, the bird population in the park counts to be over 210
species like barbets, bulbul, minivets orioles, wagtails, munias,
mynas, waterfowls and blue kingfishers.